THE CARMEL RANGE
The soil is hard limestone and Dolomites of the Cretonian Epoch, and its folds are the outcome of tectonic action which raised the area above the surroundings. Its southern part shows signs of volcanic eruptions with basalt strata. The climate is pleasant. The average annual temperature is 17-19 C. Annual precipitation is 750-800 mm. and average relative humidity is 70%. The highest peak is Qambu'at-E-Duruzea east of the Carmel forest, 547 metres above sea level. There are vestiges of woods and forests, as well as newly afforestated areas. Prehistoric and Roman-age remains have been found. The numerous caves contain traces of prehistoric epochs, particularly in Wadi Falakh, where the remains of "Homo Palestinensis", the ancient Palestine man, were discovered.