THE NORTHERN NEGEV
The loess region of the Northern Negev without appreciable variations in height, apart from the many dry and sharply eroded water courses. The soil, an alluvial loess of Aeolian origin clumps together in the early rains and drying with an impermeable surface facilitating the rapid flow of subsequent rainfall into the water courses. Effective cultivation of the soil counteracts erosion and ensures fertility. The rainfall of 250-300 milimetres per annum is scarcely sufficient for raising barley without irrigation. Irrigation can transform this area into one of the richest agricultural zones of the country. The climate is healthy, the relative humidity is not particularly high. The city of Beersheba is the natural centre for this area.